History is filled with countless legendary events and battles that are written in golden words. For those who know and those who don’t, Alamo is recognized as the site of Texas’s battle for independence from Mexico. It was such a unique historical battle, where all of the defenders were killed but the opposing leader “Santa Anna” was ultimately captured.
Mexico and Spain
Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1824. That was the time when Mexican leaders passed a federalist constitution that attracted thousands of U.S. citizens to move to Mexico. While dealing with the rising concern of slavery, Mexican leaders somehow managed to deal with the situation and by 1835 there were 30,000 Anglo-Americans and 7,800 Texas-Mexicans.
What Was the Issue?
According to most of the historians, there were critical conflicts regarding accepting or rejecting the newly passed federalist constitution. Some part of the population wanted to reject the constitution while some wanted to accept it. As a result, a huge turmoil evolved within the people of Mexico.
Who Was on the Defending Side?
Rebelling Texans captured San Antonia in 1835 which shows that Texans were not interested in defending Alamo. But Jim Bowie changed his mind and decided to ignore his leader’s direction and wanted to save Alamo.
Issues on the Defending Side
James Neill who was the commander of the Alamo was striving to manage the situation with his men, but there were several issues and tensions within the defenders. His biggest weakness was that half of his men were not trained soldiers, they were volunteers and all of them would only listen to and follow Jim Bowie.
It was nearly impossible for Santa Anna’s army to penetrate easily into Alamo because they faced a huge army of Mexicans. But as the clash started and soldiers fought, the numbers decreased. The Alamo defenders thought they would have reinforcements arriving soon, but unfortunately, there were no reinforcements left. Historians mention that the Alamo defenders had multiple chances to escape from the site and save their lives but they were highly committed and wanted to fight till the end.
Yes, it is indeed true that the Alamo defenders tried their best and fought well for their rights with the limited resources and manpower they had. They were not claiming independence, they wanted harmonious reforms.
Who remained in the end and who won the battle?
It is evident that not everyone was killed at Fort Alamo. There was a huge count of women and children, servants, and slaves who were left at the fort. After which it was declared that the Mexican Dictator Santa Anna had won the battle while successfully retaining the city of San Antonio.